General Anesthesia involves the complete loss of consciousness, which includes the loss of sensation, pain, and awareness. This is typically achieved by administering medications through an intravenous (IV) line, and is maintained by a combination of intravenous medications and inhaled anesthetic gases.
Monitored Anesthesia Care (MAC) or sedation involves the use of various intravenous medications to reduce pain and anxiety during various procedures. It is often used in combination with local anesthetics that are injected by the surgeon. Patients may or may not have any recall of events when MAC is used.
Regional Anesthesia produces a temporary loss of sensation and movement to a particular area of the body. In our practice, regional anesthesia may be used as the sole anesthetic method, or can be used in conjunction with either MAC or general anesthesia to provide postoperative pain relief.