Dysplasia of the hip occurs as a result of improper formation of the hip socket (the acetabulum) during growth of the socket. The result is a socket that is too shallow. In severe cases, dislocation of the ball from the socket can occur.
The symptoms of hip dysplasia depend on the severity of the condition. Groin pain and limp may occur during childhood or later in life. In some cases, it is possible to make cuts in the bone around the socket (an osteotomy) to increase its depth. In many cases, the condition will lead to tear of the labrum and eventual arthritis because of damage to the cartilage in the socket. Total hip replacement is possible to improve pain and function in this situation.