Orthopedics: Conditions

Foot & Ankle Conditions

Emory is a one-stop shop for the diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of all problems of the foot and ankle, with both surgical and non-surgical treatment provided by the nation's foremost specialists in foot and ankle orthopaedics.

Your feet and ankles are the daily bearers of your body's full weight. Consequently, the tremendous demands we put on our feet are sometimes more than they can bear. The Achilles tendon can tear or rupture, ankles can sprain or lose their cartilage, or the joint could be come arthritic. Recent advances in foot and ankle surgery have greatly enhanced Emory's ability to treat these problems.

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Some of the foot and ankle conditions our orthopedic doctors treat include:


Arthritis is condition that involves the breakdown of the protective cartilage around the joints, which results in pain, stiffness and inflammation.


If the joint that connects your big toe to your foot has a swollen, sore bump, you may have a bunion. Bunions may occur in families, but many are from wearing tight shoes.

Cartilage Damage

Cartilage, a tough, flexible tissue found throughout the body, does not have its own blood supply. Blood cells help to repair damaged tissue, therefore damaged cartilage does not heal as quickly as damaged skin or muscles.

Charcot Arthropathy

Charcot arthropathy is a condition that develops in a patient with peripheral neuropathy. The most common cause of this neuropathy is diabetes.

Diabetic Foot

People with diabetes are at risk for foot problems such as diabetic foot. All people with diabetes should monitor their feet. If you don't, the consequences can be severe, including amputation.

Fracture/Stress Fracture

Fracture is condition that involves the breaking of bones, which results in pain.


A hammertoe is a deformity that involves a toe other than the big toe. In this condition, the toe is bent at the middle joint, so that it resembles a hammer.

Pediatric Fractures

Childhood fractures occur frequently. From common injuries such as broken wrists or elbows to those that are more complex involving multiple bones, pediatric orthopedists at Emory have the experience to treat your child's injury expediently and appropriately.

Peroneal Tendon injury

People having peroneal tendinosis typically have either tried a new exercise or have markedly increased their activities. Characteristic activities include marathon running or others which require repetitive use of the ankle.

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is characterized by stiffness and inflammation of the main fascia (fibrous connective [ligament-like] tissue) on the bottom of the foot. It is occasionally associated with a bone spur on the heel.

Shin Splints

Shin splints is a term broadly used to describe pain in the lower extremity brought on by exercise or athletic activity. Most commonly, it refers to medial tibial stress or periostitis.


Sprains and strains are among the most common injuries in sports. A sprain is a stretch and/or tear of a ligament that connects one bone to another bone.

Turf Toe

Turf toe is a sprain of the base of the big toe, where the big toe meets the foot. A sprain stretches or tears the ligaments that support the toe. The injury is called turf toe because it often occurs when playing on artificial turf.