Your Partner for Your Vasectomy

Vasectomy is the most popular form of permanent birth control for men. It blocks the flow of sperm into the semen through the vas deferens (the tube that carries sperm from the testicles to the penis). This makes a man unable to have a baby.

Vasectomy is a simple outpatient procedure and very effective. Typically, recovery time is short.

Types of Vasectomy Procedures

Emory Healthcare Urology Services routinely performs several types of vasectomy. Talk with your doctor about which procedure is right for you.

These procedures typically take less than one hour. You will receive a local anesthetic and can request an oral medication for relaxation if you prefer.

  • Conventional vasectomy: Your doctor makes a small incision on each side of the scrotum to remove a portion of the vas deferens and then seals the ends.
  • No-needle, no-scalpel vasectomy (NNNSV): Instead of using a needle to numb the area with anesthetic, your doctor uses a high-pressure device. Then, they make a tiny puncture hole in the scrotum and spread apart the blood vessels around the vas deferens (instead of cutting like in a conventional vasectomy).
  • No-scalpel vasectomy (NSV): This procedure is similar to an NNNSV. The difference is the surgeon uses a needle to administer the numbing medicine. It results in less pain, lower rates of bleeding and lower infection rates than a conventional vasectomy.


What to Expect After Your Vasectomy

After surgery, you should relax at home to reduce the risk of bleeding.

Follow your doctor’s instructions for recovery. They typically include:

  • Pain management: Use an ice pack during the first 24 to 48 hours to decrease swelling and discomfort in the scrotum. You also can take prescribed pain medicine.
  • Precautions: Avoid heavy exercise, lifting or bike riding, according to your doctor’s recommendations. Also, do not ejaculate for two weeks after the procedure.
  • Skin issues: Bruising on the skin should disappear within seven days. You may notice a pulling sensation in the groin for two to three weeks. Tight underwear can provide relief.

To confirm that the vasectomy was effective, your doctor will check your semen. This usually happens eight to 10 weeks after the procedure. When two consecutive samples do not show sperm, you are sterile.

Vasectomy FAQs

For more information, see the Vasectomy FAQs below.

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