Candidates for Total Hip Replacement Surgery:
The Total Hip Replacement Procedure
During total hip replacement surgery, your orthopedic surgeon will make an incision over the hip to reveal the hip joint. Next, he or she will remove the head ball part of the joint from the top of the thigh bone, or femur. After that, the orthopedic surgeon will prepare the socket (acetabulum) and place a new metallic socket with a liner. A metallic stem will be placed down the femur and a new head ball placed onto the stem. This creates a new ball-and-socket joint. Your orthopedic surgeon will choose the materials for your implants based on proven track records, your age and level of activity. Typically, the prostheses are implanted without the use of bone cement. The surface of the implants has a special design that allows bone to grow into the prosthesis, providing a secure attachment. Total hip replacement surgery takes approximately one to two hours, but may vary based on anatomy and complexity.
Your surgeon will choose the surgical approach that is best suited for each patient. Emory orthopedic surgeons specialize in less invasive hip replacement techniques (such as the direct anterior approach and mini posterior approach) that can minimize tissue disruption, enhance stability, reduce post-operative pain and lead to a quicker recovery.